TCP / IP Protocol and Applications

TCP / IP Protocol and Applications

In order for two or more computers to communicate with each other, they need some protocols. Today we will examine the TCP / IP protocol, one of these protocols.
It was first developed by the US Department of Defense (DoD) as an alternative to OSI-based systems in the 80’s. TCP / IP, which stands for Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol, is a package that contains the basic protocols of the internet. It was formed by the combination of many protocols. While the TCP part specifies the important points in data transfer, the IP part specifies to find the transport path. The protocol structure is divided into 5 as Application Layer, Transport Layer, Internet Layer, Network Access Layer and Physical Layer.

TCP / IP Protocol and Applications

1) Application Layer

It provides communication between processes and applications on different servers. (Ex: HTTP, FTP, SMTP, etc.)

2) Transport Layer

Provides point-to-point data flow. (TCP and UDP)

3) Internet Layer

It enables data to be directed from the source to the destination along the networks connected by routers. Source and destination address information that provides this flow is stored in the internet layer.

4) Network Access Layer

It is the layer for the logical interface between the end system and the network. The data is physically transformed into 1 and 0 and carried. MATCH

5) Physical Layer

It determines the characteristic properties of the communication medium, the signaling rate and the coding scheme. Data is converted into electrical signals or electromagnetic waves depending on the cable type (or wireless).

TCP / IP Protocol and Applications

How Does TCP / IP Work?
TCP / IP uses a client / server communication model that is provided by another computer (server) on the network a service (such as sending a web page) to a user or machine (client).

Collectively, the TCP / IP protocol group is classified as stateless, which means each client request is new as it has nothing to do with the new requests. Being stateless frees up network paths, allowing them to be used continuously.

However, the transport layer itself is situational. It transmits a single message and remains in place until all packets in a message are received and reassembled at the destination.

Advantages of TCP / IP

TCP / IP is not mandatory and consequently not controlled by a single company. Therefore, the internet protocol package can be changed easily. It is compatible with all operating systems, so it can communicate with any other system. The Internet protocol package is also compatible with all types of computer hardware and networks.TCP / IP, as a highly scalable and routable protocol, can determine the most efficient route over the network.

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